What is the Difference Between Business and Personal Checking Accounts?

Your business checking account is your cash flow hub — the place where revenue is deposited and expenses are paid.

Though you could likely get by using your personal checking account to operate your firm, business accounts are often equipped with unique features that aren’t available with personal accounts.

On the flip side, business accounts also come with higher fees and more restrictions. Be sure to carefully weigh the differences between business and personal checking accounts before choosing the one that works for you.

Similarities Between Business and Personal Checking Accounts

If you’re a sole proprietor or run a home-based business, it may seem unnecessary to establish a formal business bank account. This is because a personal account can help you accomplish many of the same business objectives.

With either account type, you can:

  • Deposit funds.
  • Send payments using online bill pay.
  • Set up overdraft protection.
  • Schedule recurring ACH withdrawals.
  • Utilize your debit card for purchases.
  • Make transactions and monitor your account through online banking.
  • Withdraw cash.
  • Draft paper checks.

Business Checking Accounts Have More Restrictions

Though the essential functions are the same, you’ll discover differences between checking and personal accounts when you dig a little deeper. For example, business checking accounts tend to have many restrictions, leading to higher costs and additional documentation.

  • Free transaction limits — Unlike personal checking accounts, business accounts often cap the free transactions you’re allowed each month. When you reach that limit, you may be charged a small fee per transaction.
  • Cash counting fees — Business accounts often let you deposit a specific cash amount per month for free; however, anything more will incur a cash counting fee.
  • Monthly service fees — While free personal checking accounts are common, most business accounts have a standard monthly fee of about $10. Banks could waive this fee if you meet average daily balance requirements.
  • Minimum balance requirements — Bank and credit unions often have stringent minimum daily or monthly balance requirements for business checking accounts. If your balance drops below the balance limit, you could be charged an additional service fee.
  • More Documentation — To set up a business checking account, an Employer Identification Number (EIN) is required rather than a social security number. When establishing the account, your bank or credit union will likely request additional documentation regarding your business structure and ownership.

Why Choose a Business Checking Account?

With all of the extra trouble and cost, are business bank accounts worth it? Generally, yes. Business accounts typically come with additional features and inherent protections crucial for your operation’s success, including:

Advanced Payment Options

Business bank accounts often provide merchant services, allowing small business owners to accept credit or debit card payments from their customers.

Employee Debit Cards

Grant access to business checking account funds by issuing employee debit cards. Banks may also allow owners to establish withdrawal limits to maintain spending control

Tax Simplification

A dedicated business checking account will keep your personal and company finances separated.

Although not legally required for all small businesses, it will save you and your accounting team time when filing taxes or if you are audited. With a commingled account, you may find it challenging to sift through transactions to distinguish business-related from non-business-related expenses.

Professionalism and Credibility

What might have begun as a hobby or side hustle is now a fully-formed business. Having a business checking account will bolster your company’s appearance of professionalism. Your clients and business associates will be more inclined to trust and do business with you, thanks to the legitimacy provided by a business bank account.

Liability Protection

A business checking account is a smart way to draw a clear-cut line between your personal and company finances. Taking this small step now could protect your hard-earned assets against future litigation.

If someone successfully sues your company, their lawyers may go after your business assets to settle the claim. If you lack adequate separation between personal and business finances, they could also go after your house and other personal property.

Improved Funding Opportunities

Lenders will notice you’ve been putting effort into your company’s finances, and they’ll view it as more serious and reliable. They’ll see you as a quality candidate for a business loan or line of credit.

Additionally, if you hold your business checking account at the bank where you’re applying for funding, that established relationship can further boost your loan-approval odds.


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